Diabetes is a condition that affects many pets, especially dogs. It is a type of disease that is common in dogs and other pets. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism. Metabolism is a process in which the body converts food nutrients to energy. It is a condition when the body cannot move enough glucose or blood sugar into cells. It increases the amount of sugar in the blood. The glucose level in body cells begins to drop off. Lack of glucose in cells affects body functioning, as well. It also causes a lack of energy in the body. Therefore, the body starts getting the power from muscles and fats. Such conditions cause weight loss, muscle contraction, and laziness in animals.
Diabetes is manageable. It does not pose a severe threat. If appropriately handled in pets, your pet can live a long life. Many symptoms result in diabetes in pets, especially dogs. The following are some of the symptoms that indicate diabetes in canines.
Symptoms in Dogs
- Excessive thirst: The dog may drink frequently and empty the water bowl more often.
- Excessive urination in dogs: Dogs will lose bladder control during diabetes. Sometimes the dog will urinate inside the house on carpets. In diabetes, the dog body tries to expel excessive sugar through urine. So, it increases the frequency of urination in dogs.
- Weight loss: The dog starts to lose weight despite eating a regular diet. The reason is that the body is not effectively converting nutrients from its food.
- Increase Appetite: The dogs feel hungry all the time. The reason is that body cells are not getting enough glucose to fuel the body.
- Early symptoms: Initial signs of diabetes in dogs include weakness in the body. Your dog will experience frequent seizure attacks. The dog will become prone to eye disease, such as cataracts. It is better if you can deal with diabetes in the early stages.
Dogs That Are Prone To Diabetes
Some breeds of dogs are prone to diabetes. These include Puppies, poodles, Terriers. These breeds have more chances to develop diabetes as compared to others. The second factor is the dog’s age. Dogs are affected by diabetes at the age of five years. Some dogs also develop the symptoms after five years. In some cases, the reason behind diabetes is genetic. However, this is rare.
Types of Diabetes in Pets
Type 1 Diabetes: This diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not make sufficient insulin. Commonly found in dogs.
Type 2 Diabetes: It takes place when the pancreas makes enough insulin. But, cells cannot properly use insulin. This type of diabetes is more common among cats.
Treating Your Pet’s Diabetes
Managing your pet from diabetes requires effort from your part. The aim of treatment is controlling the quantity of glucose in the blood. You need a plan to minimize the impact of this disease on your pet. Talk with your vet and make a full treatment plan. Below is a checklist that will help you to manage your pet diabetes. Make sure to read them thoroughly and use the information for better results.
1. Blood Glucose Monitoring
Glucose is like fuel to the body. It gives body much-needed energy. Glucose comes from sugar, and sugar comes from the food we eat. Every time your pet eats food, it converts into energy. Glucose is one of these crucial nutrients. Cells use glucose as a source of energy, or fuel, to function.
Therefore, you need to monitor your pet blood glucose level. This checkup will also enable your vet to manage your pet in a better way. Take readings at a specific time. These readings will provide a clear picture of pet insulin and glucose level. Home treating your pet is a better option. But, keep on consulting the vet about your pet condition. Proceed with the treatment as per his suggestions.
2. Insulin Injections
Insulin is the primary source of energy delivery in the body. Pancreases are responsible for insulin production. These hormones extract the glucose and other ingredients from blood and fuel the body. In diabetes, usually, insulin injections are suggested.
This treatment comes with specific instructions and dosage. You need various things for treatment, including Injection, syringes, and complete details. You need to administer injections at specified times. You also need to account for the dosage, as well. Make sure it does not exceed the prescribed limit.
Next is the diet. Eliminate all sugar products from the diet of your pet. You will start a new menu for your diabetic pet. Consult animal food experts as well. These experts will recommend suitable food for your pet. Feed them a well-balanced meal, but at the same time reducing their sugar intake. Make a feeding schedule, and keep track of water and food.
Consistency in your pet’s daily exercise schedule is crucial. The insulin requirement of your pet depends on physical activity. Check your pet’s weight monthly. Physical activity also prevents weight increase during diabetes. It also limits sudden changes in glucose levels in dogs. It is a useful activity to burn extra sugar levels in your dogs.
5. Cost of Treatment
Dog’s diabetes is costly and somewhat irritating for owners. You have to buy injections, keep track of dosage. Some insulin injections and medications are expensive. The owner will require patience and consistency with the pet treatment. Usually, the initial stage of diabetes costs more in dogs. Depending on the type of insulin and amount, your dog’s diabetes treatment cost ranges varies per month.
Don’t panic if your pet is affected by diabetes. Excellent veterinary support can provide the right care for your pet. It also assures your pet safety. Daily management can minimize the effects of diabetes in your pet. In some pets, especially cat’s diabetes remission is possible. It requires blood glucose management at the early stages of diabetes.
Keep track of your pet behaviour and habits. Notice anything unusual. Early detection helps to prevent the adverse effects of the disease.